Periodontal (gum) disease is one of the most frequently treated, yet almost entirely preventable dental problems.
What is Periodontal Disease?
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Stages of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal Disease Warning Signs
- Bad breath or bad taste that won't go away
- Red or swollen gums
- Tender or bleeding gums
- Painful chewing
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
- Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Any change in the fit of partial dentures
- Changes in tooth gaps
Periodontal Disease Risk Factors
- Poor oral hygiene
- Crooked teeth
- Underlying immuno-deficiencies—e.g., AIDS
- Fillings that have become defective
- Taking medications that cause dry mouth
- Bridges that no longer fit properly
- Female hormonal changes, such as with pregnancy or the use of oral contraceptives
Periodontal Disease Prevention and Treatment
Brush and floss every day to remove the bacteria that cause gum disease.
See a dentist at least once a year for checkups, or more frequently if you have any of the warning signs or risk factors mentioned above.
Periodontal Disease Q&A
A: There is no cure for periodontal disease, but it can be controlled as long as you keep up the home care you have been taught. Any further loss of bone will be very slow and it may stop altogether.
A: The health of your mouth could affect the health of your whole body. More and more evidence shows a strong association between gum disease and heart disease, stroke, diabetes, poor pregnancy outcomes, and other conditions. Some early research has even found a higher risk for certain cancers.
A: Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease, aninfection of the tissues around your teeth caused by plaque. If you have gingivitis, your gums may become red, swollen and bleed easily. You may also experience bad breath. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it.
Periodontal disease surgical procedures:
- Pocket Reduction Procedure – The dentist will pull the gum off the tooth or teeth and do a thorough cleaning of that area, and then replace and re-attach the gums to the tooth or teeth.
- Regenerative Procedure – If a problem with the patient’s bone growth in the mouth persists, the dentist will pull the gum from the teeth and then use a technique to encourage bone growth.
- Crown Lengthening – A periodontal treatment where the dentist will move the visible gum line farther from the tip of the tooth to change a “gummy” smile into a more aesthetic smile.
- Tissue Grafting – If there is a major problem with a patient’s gum growth, the doctor will take some soft tissue from the palate or another place on the body, and graft it onto the patient’s gums to encourage and stimulate growth and gum health.
We offer stress-free therapy, utilizing high-tech tools and procedures to avoid pain and create a comfortable environment for our patients.